Biometrics is the science of establishing human identity based on the physical and behavioral attributes of an individual such as fingerprints, face, iris, voice and signature. The automated process of comparing a pair of biometric signals (such as two iris images) and determining the probability that they belong to the same individual is a fascinating area of research. The pronounced need for large-scale automated human recognition systems has resulted in the incorporation of biometric solutions in border security systems, access control applications, criminal investigations, time-and-attendance technology and national ID cards. Recent research in this field has focused on securing biometric templates, searching for identities in large biometric databases, recognizing people in a nighttime environment, fusing biometric traits and designing faster matching algorithms. This talk will discuss the recent progress made in biometrics and enumerate some of the cutting edge problems being addressed by researchers in this field.